How do you manage heterophoria?

How do you manage heterophoria?

Management of Heterophoria: Basic Principles

  1. Remove the cause of decompensation.
  2. Refractive correction or modification.
  3. Give eye exercises.
  4. Prescribe prism relief.
  5. Refer to another practitioner.

How do you treat binocular vision dysfunction?

How Do You Fix Binocular Vision Dysfunction? BVD is treated by correcting the eye misalignment. This is done with our specialized micro-prism lenses, which bend light in such a way that the image seen by the eye is moved into the position it needs to be in order to once again realign the images.

What is the difference between heterophoria and Heterotropia?

The difference between heterotropia and heterophoria can be easily understood as follows. With heterotropia, a correcting movement of the eye can be detected already by the simple cover test; with heterophoria, such correcting movement only takes place in the cross-cover test.

What is a heterophoria?

Heterophoria or latent squint is defined as a condition in which eyes in the primary position or in their movement are maintained on the fixation point under stress only, with the aid of corrective fusion reflexes. When the influence of fusion is removed, the visual axis of one eye deviates.

What are the types of heterophoria?


  • Cornea.
  • Strabismus.
  • Diplopia.
  • Fixation Failure.
  • Binocular Convergence.
  • Binocular Vision.

What are the symptoms of heterophoria?

Symptoms of vertical heterophoria

  • Dizziness.
  • Pounding headaches.
  • Nausea.
  • Feeling unsteady when walking; inability to walk straight.
  • Motion sickness.
  • Pain when moving the eyes.
  • Anxiety when driving – many patients with a binocular vision dysfunction feel anxious when driving.
  • Uneasiness when in a space with tall ceilings.

How do you test for binocular vision dysfunction?

A comprehensive eye exam by a qualified eye doctor is the only reliable way to diagnose BVD. The first step of diagnosis involves filling out a questionnaire designed by professional eye care researchers. These questions offer an efficient way to evaluate if you might have any form of binocular vision dysfunction.

What is BVD on eye prescription?

the distance from the back of the lens to your eye (the back vertex distance, or BVD). This is needed if your prescription is relatively strong and will be written on your prescription.

Can an optometrist diagnose vertical heterophoria?

Misdiagnosis of vertical heterophoria is common That’s why only a specially trained optometrist can diagnose VH, such as our experienced eye doctor for binocular vision dysfunction in Cedar Park, Texas .

What are the types of Heterophoria?

What are the symptoms of Heterophoria?

What causes heterophoria?

Sometimes, stress on the body caused by illnesses and conditions such as an inner ear infection, pregnancy, Lyme disease or even the flu can be the trigger that causes VH symptoms to appear.

How to evaluate heterophoria?

Important tests in the evaluation of heterophoria include Cover- Uncover test: It should be performed for both distance and near. One eye of the patient is covered while fixating with other eye at a distant target. The eye is then uncovered and any movement of the eye to take up fixation is noted. The test is repeated with other eye.

What is vertical heterophoria?

Symptoms of Vertical Heterophoria As mentioned before, vertical heterophoria occurs when the eyes are misaligned vertically. For example, the right eye could be higher than the left eye or vice versa.

What are the different types of heterophoria?

Depending upon the symptoms, heterophoria may be divided into compensated and de-compensated types. I. Compensated heterophoria: It is not associated with any symptoms. Compensation depends upon the reserve neuromuscular power to overcome the muscular imbalance.

What is heterophoria in strabismus?

A small amount of heterophoria is usually present. George T Stevens (1886) introduced the term heterophoria and defined it as an abnormal adjustment of the eye muscles, or a tending of the visual lines in some other direction than parallelism, which applies to strabismus as well.