What are the applications of carbon nano tubes?

What are the applications of carbon nano tubes?

As of 2013, carbon nanotube production exceeded several thousand tons per year, used for applications in energy storage, device modelling, automotive parts, boat hulls, sporting goods, water filters, thin-film electronics, coatings, actuators and electromagnetic shields.

How are nanotubes made?

The fullerenes and CNTs are formed by plasma arcing of carbonaceous materials, particularly graphite. The fullerenes or carbon nanotubes appear in the soot that is formed, while the CNTs are deposited on the opposing electrode.

What are the two ways of preparation of carbon nanotubes?

The production of carbon nanotubes can be done by plasma based synthesis method or arc discharge evaporation method, laser ablation method, thermal synthesis process, chemical vapor deposition and by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition.

How do you make carbon nano tubes?

In the CVD process, manufacturers can combine a metal catalyst (such as iron) with carbon-containing reaction gases (such as hydrogen or carbon monoxide) to form carbon nanotubes on the catalyst inside a high-temperature furnace. The CVD process can be purely catalytic or plasma-supported.

How do you grow nanotubes?

Researchers typically grow CNTs on various materials through a process called chemical vapor deposition. A material of interest, such as carbon fibers, is coated in a catalyst — usually an iron-based compound — and placed in a furnace, through which carbon dioxide and other carbon-containing gases flow.

Is CNT toxic?

CNTs are considered to have carcinogenicity and can cause lung tumors. However, the carcinogenicity of CNTs may attenuate if the fiber length is shorter. The available data provide initial information on the potential reproductive and developmental toxicity of CNTs.

What are the different types of nanotubes?

In addition to the two different basic structures, there are three different possible types of carbon nanotubes. These three types of CNTs are armchair carbon nanotubes, zigzag carbon nanotubes, and chiral carbon nanotubes.

What is carbon nano tubes and types?

How will you synthesize CNT by laser ablation?

In laser ablation, a pulsed laser vaporizes a graphite target in a high-temperature reactor while an inert gas is led into the chamber. Nanotubes develop on the cooler surfaces of the reactor as the vaporized carbon condenses. A water-cooled surface may be included in the system to collect the nanotubes.