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What are the irrigation methods used in Himachal Pradesh?

What are the irrigation methods used in Himachal Pradesh?

In the northern state of Himachal Pradesh, traditional irrigation methods such as canals (kuhls) have been built by local residents to draw water from the small streams that originate from hill springs. The springs are the only reliable sources of water in a number of locales.

What are the agricultural methods in Himachal Pradesh?

Due to its hilly terrain, the economy of the state is predominantly mixed farming, agro-pastoral, silvi- pastoral and agro-horticultural.

What is the main source of water in Himachal Pradesh?

90% of Himachal Pradesh’s drainage forms the part of Indus river system. Himachal provides water to both the Indus and Ganges basins. The major river systems of the region are the Chandrabhaga or the Chenab, the Ravi, the Beas, the Sutlej and the Yamuna.

What is the landscape of Himachal Pradesh?

Geographical characteristics The region extends from the Shivalik range of mountains. There is a noticeable increase in elevation from west to east and from south (Shiwalik]) to the north (outer Himalayas). At 6816 m Reo Purgyil is the highest mountain peak in the state of Himachal Pradesh.

Which was the ancient irrigation system used in Himachal Pradesh for irrigation?

Kuhls are traditional systems of community managed, interconnected gravity flow irrigation systems of Kangra Valley in the western Himachal Pradesh region of India.

Is drip irrigation used in Himachal Pradesh?

Himachal Pradesh government has decided to set up 4700 poly houses and 2150 drip irrigation or sprinklers units in the next four years. In Himachal Pradesh 90 percent population residing in rural largely depends on agriculture which is being the main stay of about 70 percent of its total populace.

What is the main agriculture in Himachal Pradesh?

The main cereals cultivated in Himachal Pradesh agriculture are wheat, maize, rice, and barley. Kangra, Mandi district and to some extent Paonta valley of Sirmur district are the major producers of wheat, maize, and rice. Barley is cultivated largely in Shimla district of Himachal Pradesh.

Which types of crops are grown in Himachal Pradesh?

The chief food crops cultivated include wheat, maize, rice, barley, seed-potato, ginger, vegetables, vegetable seeds, mushrooms, chicory seeds, hops, olives, and fig. Himachal Pradesh is also known as the ‘ Apple State of India ‘ for its large-scale production of fruits.

How many rivers flow in Himachal?

five rivers
The drainage system of Himachal Pradesh has five rivers – the Chandrabhaga or Chenab, the Sutlej, Ravi, Yamuna, and the Beas.

Which river passes Manali?

River Beas Overview “The Beas River, also known as Vipasha in Sanskrit, flows in Himachal Pradesh and Punjab. From its originating point (4361 m) in the Himalayas, this holy river passes through lush evergreen forests and hills before reaching Punjab.

Why is Himachal Pradesh is known as land of mountains?

Himachal Pradesh is also known as ‘Dev Bhoomi’ or ‘Land of God’ and ‘Veer Bhoomi’ which means ‘Land of Braves’….

Himachal Pradesh
• Total 55,673 km2 (21,495 sq mi)
Area rank 18th
Highest elevation (Reo Purgil) 6,816 m (22,362 ft)
Lowest elevation 350 m (1,150 ft)

What is the Speciality of Himachal Pradesh?

Himachal Pradesh is famous for its handicrafts including carpets, paintings, leather works, stoles, and more. Lentils, rice, vegetables, and chapati form the staple food of the state. Himachal Pradesh also has its own IIT in Mandi.

How much land is available for irrigation in Himachal Pradesh?

Under the current government schemes only a hectare of land is utilized for irrigation (Planning Department Government of Himachal Pradesh, 2006). The state experiences annual rainfall ranging from 350 millimeters to 3800 millimeters.

What are the traditional methods of irrigation in Arunachal Pradesh?

In Arunachal Pradesh, two important traditional methods of irrigation show the range of low-tech engineering. Bamboo pipes irrigate rice fields along with a series of earthen dams and conduit channels that can be used to flood or drain fields as necessary for the harvest and planting seasons.

Why is traditional irrigation important for the community in India?

Furthermore, there are fees in every department that add up and can be very expensive to the farmers (Government of Himachal Pradesh Irrigation and Public Health Department, 1968). It can be argued that embracing the traditional practices, especially the irrigation methods, is important for communities in India.

How old is Kuhl irrigation system in India?

Although pre-Colonial documents such as Riwaz-e-Abpashi, which record the rights on a water source, establish the presence of this system prior to 1850s, there is no clarity about the exact age of this traditional system. Kangra district alone has 750 large kuhls and more than 2,100 small kuhls irrigating approximately 40,000 hectares.