What causes Sialectasis?

What causes Sialectasis?

Sialectasis is an uncommon condition characterised by abnormal dilation of salivary ducts. It can result from several causes including sialoliths, recurrent infection, trauma or congenital abnormalities. Diffuse dilatation of intraglandular ductal system is an extremely rare disease.

What is parotid Sialectasis?

Sialectasis (sialoangiectasis) is the dilatation of the ducts within salivary glands. It is most commonly seen in the parotid gland and is associated with ascending infections and gland destruction.

What is punctate Sialectasis?

Sialography was commonly used in the workup of parotid disease in the past, and this group demonstrates punctate sialectasis, which implies point like dilatations within the gland.

How is chronic Sialadenitis treated?

Chronic sialadenitis: Medical management is with hydration, oral hygiene, pain relief, sialogogues. In cases of infection, broad-spectrum antibiotics are added. In the case of sialolithiasis, salivary gland stone removal should take place, using interventional sialendoscopy or direct surgical removal.

What is warthin tumor?

Warthin tumor is a benign tumor of the salivary gland. The first symptom is usually a painless, slow-growing bump in front of the ear, on the bottom of the mouth, or under the chin. Warthin tumors may increase in size over time, but few become cancerous.

What causes Frey’s syndrome?

Frey’s Syndrome is a syndrome that includes sweating while eating (gustatory sweating) and facial flushing. It is caused by injury to a nerve, called the auriculotemporal nerve, typically after surgical trauma to the parotid gland.

Is sialadenitis curable?

The prognosis of acute sialadenitis is very good. Most salivary gland infections go away on their own or are easily cured with treatment with conservative medical management (medication, increasing fluid intake and warm compresses or gland massage).