What does megaureter mean?

What does megaureter mean?

Megaureters are larger-than-normal ureters. Ureters are the tubes in which urine flows from the kidneys to the bladder. Most times the condition is found in pre-natal imaging or during an exam for a urinary tract infection. Megaureter can be treated with antibiotics and in some cases, minimally invasive surgery.

How common is Cakut?

CAKUT is estimated to occur in 1 in 100 to 500 newborns. These abnormalities are the most common cause of end-stage renal disease in children.

What is Ureterovesical reflux?

Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is when pee moves backward from the bladder to the kidneys. Normally, pee flows from the kidneys down to the bladder. Kids with mild cases of VUR often don’t need treatment.

Is Megaureter congenital?

Congenital primary megaureter (PM) is an idiopathic condition in which the bladder and bladder outlet are normal but the ureter is dilated to some extent. It may be obstructed, refluxing or unobstructed and not refluxing.

How is Megaureter treated?

The typical surgery for megaureters involves putting the ureters back into the bladder (“ureteral reimplantation”) and trimming the widened ureter (“ureteral tapering”). If your child doesn’t have a urinary tract infection or decrease in kidney function, the surgery can be delayed until he/she is 12 months old.

What causes Cakut?

CAKUT is caused by a combination of environmental and genetic factors that affect the formation and development of the kidneys and urinary tract prenatally (during pregnancy).

What is the cause of most cases of pyelonephritis?

The main cause of acute pyelonephritis is gram-negative bacteria, the most common being Escherichia coli. Other gram-negative bacteria which cause acute pyelonephritis include Proteus, Klebsiella, and Enterobacter. In most patients, the infecting organism will come from their fecal flora.

What does Epispadia mean?

Epispadias is a rare birth defect located at the opening of the urethra. In this condition, the urethra does not develop into a full tube, and the urine exits the body from an abnormal location. The causes of epispadias are unknown. It may be related to improper development of the pubic bone.

What is Hydroureter mean?

(HY-droh-YER-eh-ter) Abnormal enlargement of the ureter caused by any blockage that prevents urine from draining into the bladder.

What is a megaureter?

A megaureter (“large ureter”) is when a ureter is wider than three-eighths of an inch. This can result from an abnormality of the ureter itself (primary) or from the bladder being blocked (secondary). The different types of megaureters are described below. See More See Less.

What is a refluxing megaureter?

A refluxing megaureter is a sign of vesicoureteral reflux. This is more common in newborn males. Sometimes the reflux and stretched ureters gets better over the first year of life. But if the problem doesn’t go away, surgery may be needed. Refluxing megaureters may be linked to a health issue where the bladder doesn’t drain all the way.

What is megaureter-megacystis syndrome?

The megaureter-megacystis syndrome is an extreme form of the primary refluxing megaureters in which massive reflux prevents effective bladder emptying because urine is passed back and forth between the ureters and bladder.

What is the difference between primary and secondary megaureter?

Megaureter is defined as ureteral dilation > 7 mm. Primary megaureter is due to obstructed or refluxing vesicoureteral junction, while secondary megaureter is caused by bladder outlet obstruction.