What is ephedrine sulfate injection used for?

What is ephedrine sulfate injection used for?

Ephedrine Sulfate Injection, USP is indicated in the treatment of allergic disorders, such as bronchial asthma. The drug has long been used as a pressor agent, particularly during spinal anesthesia when hypotension frequently occurs.

How do you inject ephedrine?

Ephedrine Sulphate Injection Dosage and Administration The recommended dosages for the treatment of clinically important hypotension in the setting of anesthesia is an initial dose of 5 mg to 10 mg administered by intravenous bolus. Administer additional boluses as needed, not to exceed a total dosage of 50 mg.

What is ephedrine used for in drugs?

Commonly Used Drugs Charts

  • Alcohol.
  • Ayahuasca.
  • Central Nervous System Depressants.
  • Cocaine.
  • DMT.
  • GHB.
  • Hallucinogens.
  • Heroin.

Where do you inject ephedrine?

HOW TO USE: Inject this medication into a vein (IV), into a muscle (IM), or under the skin (SC-subcutaneously) as directed by the doctor. When given IV, the dose is injected slowly and may be repeated in 5 to 10 minutes, if necessary. The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to therapy.

Does ephedrine increase heart rate?

Ephedrine alone increased heart rate and glucose and insulin concentrations but did not affect systolic blood pressure. Caffeine increased systolic blood pressure and plasma free fatty acid and urinary epinephrine concentrations but did not increase heart rate.

What is ephedrine used for in pregnancy?

Background: During labor, ephedrine is widely used to prevent or to treat maternal arterial hypotension and restore uterine perfusion pressure to avoid intrapartum fetal asphyxia.

What is another name for ephedrine?

Ephedrine is also used to treat breathing problems (as a bronchodilator), nasal congestion (as a decongestant), myasthenia gravis, narcolepsy, menstrual problems (dysmenorrhea), or urine-control problems. Ephedrine is available under the following different brand names: Akovaz, and Corphedra.

Is ephedrine controlled?

2.2. Ephedrine products are usually not categorized as controlled substances internationally. To prevent ephedrine products from being illegally transformed into the amphetamine and/or its analogs, these products are usually packaged and supplied in the limited quantities, and cannot be openly displayed in pharmacies.

What does ephedrine do to the brain?

It activates pathways in the human brain that are responsible for weight loss, but it also activates pathways that could lead to dramatic change in heart rate or blood pressure. Moreover, ephedrine, like nicotine, produces a “high” and can be addictive.

What is the USP of ephedrine sulfate injection?

Ephedrine sulfate injection, USP is available as a single-dose 1 mL vial that contains 50 mg/mL ephedrine sulfate USP, equivalent to 38 mg ephedrine base.

What does ephedrine mean?

Ephedrine is an alpha-and beta-adrenergic agonist and a norepinephrine-releasing agent. Ephedrine Sulfate Injection, USP is a clear, colorless, sterile solution for intravenous injection. It must be diluted before intravenous administration.

What are the side effects of ephedrine sulfate?

ADVERSE REACTIONS With large doses of ephedrine sulfate most patients will experience nervousness, insomnia, vertigo, headache, tachycardia, palpitation and sweating. Some patients have nausea, vomiting and anorexia.

Is ephedrine sulfate injection safe for pregnant women?

Ephedrine Sulfate Injection, USP should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly indicated. It is not known what effect Ephedrine Sulfate Injection, USP may have on the newborn or on the child’s later growth and development when the drug is administered to the mother just before or during labor.