What is WWOP in ophthalmology?

What is WWOP in ophthalmology?

Hi, WWOP is a condition commonly described as peripheral retinal detachment without retinal break, observed during retina examination by ophthalmologist. It is advanced form of white with pressure (WWP). This is often seen in myopic patients, and sometimes associated with vitreous traction and other complications.

Can white without pressure go away?

To the inexperienced observer, the area of white without pressure may initially look like a shallow retinal detachment or retinal tear, but WWP does not usually lead to problems and does not require any treatment, although observation is recommended.

Is white without pressure serious?

White without pressure is not a disease, but rather a finding on fundus examination. It indicates an area of the peripheral retina that has a white sheen with a sharply demarcated border, which indicates a vitreoretinal interface effect. This can be seen without the examination technique called scleral depression.

What is white with pressure and white without pressure?

Okumara[2] coined the term `white with pressure’ to describe a flat peripheral detachment without any retinal break. The condition of white without pressure (WWOP) has been described as an advanced form of white with pressure where a certain whitening of peripheral retina is apparent even without scleral indentation.

What is Snowflake degeneration?

Snowflake vitreoretinal degeneration is an autosomal dominant condition characterized by fibrillar anomaly of the vitreous, peripheral retinal abnormalities including minute crystalline deposits resembling snowflakes, and early-onset cataracts.

What is Chorioretinal atrophy?

Chorioretinal Atrophy is a condition of the eye where both the choroid and retina are damaged. This causes them to wither away and stop working.

What causes WWOP?

WWOP may be circumferential and usually occurs bilaterally. WWOP usually is associated with vitreous degeneration and posterior vitreous detachment (PVD). Horseshoe retinal tears or linear retinal tears can develop along the posterior border of WWOP, and these tears are associated with the traction of PVD.

What causes white without pressure?

White without pressure (WWOP) is a common peripheral retina finding often seen in young patients with myopia. The etiology of WWOP is not well understood. Although WWOP presents no increased risk for RD, it is often mistaken for RD or peripheral retinoschisis.

What causes peripheral retinal degeneration?

Lattice degeneration occurs when areas of the peripheral become thinner than normal. These areas of the retina are weaker and more prone to developing tears or holes, which can develop into retinal detachments. This condition is more common in patients who are nearsighted (cannot clearly see things that are far away).

What is Snowflake vision?

Visual snow is a neurological disorder characterized by a continuous visual disturbance that occupies the entire visual field and is described as tiny flickering dots that resemble the noise of a detuned analogue television.

What causes Chorioretinal scar?

Chorioretinal scarring is in a high percentage of cases due to congenital infection with Toxoplasma gondii, Herpes simplex virus, Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus and West-Nile virus.