When did polio start in Nigeria?

When did polio start in Nigeria?

They were first noticed in Northern Nigeria in 2005 when a CDC laboratory technician at a polio laboratory noticed a preponderance of type 2 polio virus in samples from Northern Nigeria. As at September 2007, 69 cases had been discovered. Between July 2005 and June 2010, there were 315 cVDPV 2 cases.

When did polio came to Pakistan?

As of 22 October 2021, there has been 1 documented case in Pakistan in 2021, and 84 documented cases in Pakistan in 2020. The total count of wild poliovirus cases in Pakistan in 2019 was 147. Though the polio immunization campaign in the country started in 1974, the efforts for eradication officially started in 1994.

When did Nigeria free polio?

On Aug. 25, 2020, Africa has been declared polio-free (zero cases of the wild poliovirus). Nigeria was the last polio-endemic country in Africa and was officially certified free from polio after marking three consecutive years since the last case of wild polio had been identified.

Does polio exist in Afghanistan?

Since 1988, a dogged and very expensive international campaign has chased polio from most of the world. Afghanistan is one of only two countries in which the circulation of wild poliovirus has never been interrupted; Pakistan, with which it shares a long border, is the other.

How did Nigeria become polio-free?

Nigeria attained wild polio-free status after meeting all the criteria for certification, which include three years of non-detection of any wild poliovirus case in the country. Before the certification, Nigeria, Afghanistan and Pakistan were the only wild polio endemic countries globally.

Who is polio in Afghanistan?

Taliban will allow a national polio vaccination campaign in Afghanistan, says WHO. An Afghan health worker administers a polio vaccine to a child in Kandahar province in 2019. Since 2018, the Taliban has blocked polio vaccination campaigns in parts of the country it controls.

Does Nigeria still have polio?

The World Health Organization (WHO) announced today that polio is no longer endemic in Nigeria, leaving the devastating disease endemic in only two countries and bringing the world one major step closer to achieving this goal of ending polio for good.

Does Pakistan still have polio?

Pakistan is one of the countries in which polio is still endemic in the 21st century. In 2019, 146 polio cases were reported across the country with some resulting in deaths.

Which country is polio most common?

Polio is still endemic in three countries, i.e., Pakistan, Nigeria and Afghanistan and is eradicated from the rest of the world. Pakistan is considered as the exporter of Wild Polio Virus (WPV) with highest number of polio outbreaks among endemic countries.