Which of the following is are characteristic of lepromatous leprosy?

Which of the following is are characteristic of lepromatous leprosy?

Unlike lesions in tuberculoid leprosy, those in lepromatous leprosy have poorly defined borders and raised and indurated centers. As in all forms of leprosy, lepromatous lesions are worse on cooler parts of the body. Common areas of involvement include the face, ears, wrists, elbows, buttocks, and knees.

Which are methods used to diagnose leprosy quizlet?

Depending on the form of leprosy suspected by the treating physician, the following specimens may be collected: Skin smears from the earlobes, elbows, and knees. Skin biopsy from edges of active patches. Nerve biopsy from thickened nerves.

What causes lepromatous leprosy?

Leprosy is a long-term (chronic) condition caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium leprae. The disease is commonly found in Asia and Africa and is transmitted through mucus or secretions from the nose, eyes, and mouth of an infected person.

Which type may be initially diagnosed as lepromatous leprosy?

Lepromatous leprosy may begin as such or develop after indeterminate leprosy or from downgrading of borderline leprosy. The cutaneous lesions of lepromatous leprosy consist mainly of pale macules (Fig.

What is the difference between Tuberculoid and lepromatous leprosy?

Leprosy has traditionally been classified into two major types, tuberculoid and lepromatous. Patients with tuberculoid leprosy have limited disease and relatively few bacteria in the skin and nerves, while lepromatous patients have widespread disease and large numbers of bacteria.

Which medicine is useful in leprosy?

Hansen’s disease is treated with a combination of antibiotics. Typically, 2 or 3 antibiotics are used at the same time. These are dapsone with rifampicin, and clofazimine is added for some types of the disease. This is called multidrug therapy.

What is PB disease?

Paucibacillary (PB), or tuberculoid, Hansen’s disease is characterized by one or a few hypopigmented or hyperpigmented skin macules that exhibit loss of sensation (anesthesia) due to infection of the peripheral nerves supplying the region.

Which is the causative agent of leprosy?

Hansen’s disease (also known as leprosy) is an infection caused by slow-growing bacteria called Mycobacterium leprae.

How long is duration of treatment for lepromatous and borderline leprosy?

Dapsone and rifampin can be given for six months for patients with PB disease (indeterminate, tuberculoid or borderline tuberculoid disease), and dapsone, rifampin, and clofazimine are given for two years for patients with MB disease (midborderline, borderline lepromatous and lepromatous disease).