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Which statue was created by Phidias?

Which statue was created by Phidias?

the Athena Parthenos
The colossal statue of the Athena Parthenos, which Phidias made for the Parthenon, was completed and dedicated in 438. The original work was made of gold and ivory and stood some 38 feet (12 metres) high.

Who was the great Phidias?

Phidias is often credited as the main instigator of the Classical Greek sculptural design. Today, most critics and historians consider him one of the greatest of all ancient Greek sculptors.

Who is the artist of the Parthenon?


What statue is in the Parthenon?

Athena Parthenos
Athens, 438–432 BC. Pheidias was the most famous sculptor of all antiquity. He is best known as the artistic director of the Athenian building programme, including the Parthenon sculptures and the colossal gold and ivory statue of Athena Parthenos that stood inside the Parthenon.

What was Phidias best known for?

Phidias was renowned for his massive chryselephantine statues, which unfortunately no longer remain. His creations included the chryselephantine cult statue of Zeus for the cella in the Temple of Zeus at Olympia and the Athena in the Parthenon, which are known through copies completed on a much smaller scale.

How did Phidias become a sculptor?

According to Pliny, Phidias learned the art of sculpture from Ageladas of Argos – the same teacher who taught both Myron (480-444 BCE) and Polykleitos (5th century BCE). Other sources say that he was also taught by Hegias of Athens, and the Thasian painter Polygnotus.

Why did Phidias build the statue of Zeus?

The Statue of Zeus at Olympia was created by a sculptor named Phidias. Zeus was considered the king of the Greek gods and this magnificent statue was created to honor him. It was placed in the Temple at Olympia, a shrine to Zeus where Olympic Games took place every four years.

What happened to Athena statue in Parthenon?

The cult statue, begun in 447 BCE and dedicated in 438 BCE, would remain the great city’s symbol for a thousand years until, in Late Antiquity, it disappeared from the historical record, possibly taken to Constantinople and there later destroyed.

What is the Parthenon famous for?

The Parthenon was the center of religious life in the powerful Greek City-State of Athens, the head of the Delian League. Built in the 5 century B.C., it was a symbol of the power, wealth and elevated culture of Athens. It was the largest and most lavish temple the Greek mainland had ever seen.

Did the Parthenon have statues?

The Parthenon Sculptures are a collection of different types of marble architectural decoration from the temple of Athena (the Parthenon) on the Acropolis in Athens.

Where is the original statue of Athena?

The Varvakeion, a Roman marble copy (c. ad 130) of the colossal gold and ivory statue of the Athena Parthenos by Phidias (438 bc); in the National Archaeological Museum, Athens.

What are the two statues of Phidias?

For the ancient Greeks, two works of Phidias far outshone all others: the colossal chryselephantine Statue of Zeus ( c. 432 BC), which was erected in the Temple of Zeus at Olympia, and the Athena Parthenos (lit. “Athena the Virgin”), a sculpture of the virgin goddess Athena, which was housed in the Parthenon in Athens.

What is Phidias famous for?

Phidias or Pheidias (/ˈfɪdiəs/; Greek: Φειδίας, Pheidias; c. 480 – 430 BC) was a Greek sculptor, painter, and architect. His statue of Zeus at Olympia was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

Why is Phidias the greatest Greek sculptor?

Phidias: The Greatest Sculptor Of Antiquity 1 The Life Of Phidias. Most of Phidias’ life is unknown. 2 Phidias Was Accused Of Embezzlement. In Athens, Phidias made his most famous images of the goddess Athena and oversaw the creation of the Parthenon frieze. 3 Phidias’ Place In The History Of Greek Sculpture. 4 Works In Bronze.

How did Phidias die?

According to Philochorus, as quoted by a scholiast on Aristophanes, Phidias was put to death by the Eleans after he completed the Statue of Zeus at Olympia for them. From the late 5th century BC, small copies of the statue of Zeus were found on coins from Elis, which give a general notion of the pose and the character of the head.