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Why did May-Britt Moser win a Nobel Prize?

Why did May-Britt Moser win a Nobel Prize?

She and her then-husband, Edvard Moser, shared half of the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, awarded for work concerning the grid cells in the entorhinal cortex, as well as several additional space-representing cell types in the same circuit that make up the positioning system in the brain.

What did May-Britt discover?

In 2005 May-Britt Moser and Edvard I. Moser discovered a type of cell that is important for determining position close to the hippocampus, an area located in the center of the brain. They then went on to demonstrate how these different cell types cooperate.

What was the behavioral technique used in the 1971 brain research paper that won the Nobel Prize?

This year’s Nobel Laureates have discovered a positioning system, an “inner GPS” in the brain that makes it possible to orient ourselves in space, demonstrating a cellular basis for higher cognitive function. In 1971, John O’Keefe discovered the first component of this positioning system.

Who won the Nobel Prize in 2014 for describing grid cells?

Nobel Laureates in Physiology or Medicine 2014 May-Britt and Edvard Moser discovered – in the medial entorhinal cortex, a region of the brain next to hippocampus – grid cells that provide the brain with an internal coordinate system essential for navigation.

What is May-Britt Moser famous for?

May-Britt Moser, (born January 4, 1963, Fosnavåg, Norway), Norwegian neuroscientist who contributed to the discovery of grid cells in the brain and the elucidation of their role in generating a system of mental coordinates by which animals are able to navigate their environment.

Did May-Britt have children?

Tracey Davis
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May Britt/Children

What is May Britt Moser known for?

Who discovered grid cells?

Edvard I. Moser
Edvard I. Moser, (born April 27, 1962, Ålesund, Norway), Norwegian neuroscientist best known for his role in the discovery of grid cells in the brain and the identification of their function in generating spatial coordinates used by animals to navigate their environment.

Who was the first woman to receive the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences?

In 2009, Ostrom became the first woman to receive the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences.

Which pair were awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology along with John O’Keefe for their discoveries on the brain positioning system?

The discoveries of place and grid cells by John O’Keefe, May-Britt Moser and Edvard I. Moser present a paradigm shift in our understanding of how ensembles of specialized cells work together to execute higher cognitive functions.

Who discovered place cells?

John O’Keefe
Place cells were first discovered by John O’Keefe and Jonathan Dostrovsky in 1971 in the hippocampus of rats. They noticed that rats with impairments in their hippocampus performed poorly in spatial tasks, and thus hypothesised that this area must hold some kind of spatial representation of the environment.