What is peritonitis?

What is peritonitis?

Peritonitis is usually caused by infection from bacteria or fungi. Left untreated, peritonitis can rapidly spread into the blood ( sepsis) and to other organs, resulting in multiple organ failure and death.

What is peritoneal carcinomatosis?

Peritoneal carcinomatosis is a rare form of cancer affecting the peritoneum, the thin membrane surrounding your abdominal organs. Finding out that you or a loved one has it can be tough, and understanding this cancer can help give you a sense of control.

What is the difference between the parietal and visceral peritoneum?

Parietal peritoneum – an outer layer which adheres to the anterior and posterior abdominal walls. Visceral peritoneum – an inner layer which lines the abdominal organs. It’s made when parietal peritoneum reflects from the abdominal wall to the viscera.

Does peritoneal carcinomatosis shrink with chemo?

Most peritoneal carcinomatosis tumors don’t shrink very much, or at all, in response to chemotherapy. Because of that, many doctors focus on palliative care to manage symptoms, ease pain, and improve your quality of life.

Peritonitis can result from rupture (perforation) in your abdomen, or as a complication of other medical conditions. Peritonitis requires prompt medical attention to fight the infection and, if necessary, to treat any underlying medical conditions.

Should patients with peritonitis switch to CaPD?

Patients on automated PD who develop peritonitis may switch temporarily to CAPD, so as to facilitate intraperitoneal antibiotics therapy, but conversion is not always feasible for pragmatic reasons ( 6 ). For patients who remain on automated PD, the intermittent intraperitoneal dosing should be given in the day dwell ( 6 ).

Does continuous quality improvement reduce peritonitis in peritoneal dialysis patients?

: Implementation of a continuous quality improvement program reduces the occurrence of peritonitis in PD. Ren Fail 36: 1029–1032, 2014 : Continuous quality improvement initiatives to sustainably reduce peritoneal dialysis-related infections in Australia and New Zealand. Perit Dial Int 36: 472–477, 2016

How does peritonitis affect peritoneal ultrafiltration capacity?

Moreover, a single episode of severe peritonitis or multiple peritonitis episodes frequently leads to diminished peritoneal ultrafiltration capacity and is the most common cause of conversion to long-term hemodialysis ( 3 ).