What study supports reconstructive memory?

What study supports reconstructive memory?

Loftus then began designing and conducting further research into this concept of false memory, as it has significant implications, especially for the justice system. Along with the famous “car crash” studies by Loftus and Palmer (1971), these studies provide more evidence for the reconstructive nature of memory.

Is Bartlett’s study valid?

Bartlett’s research was particularly unrealistic, getting Cambridge University students to recall Native American ghost stories. This strange task lacks ecological validity – although Bartlett claimed the task had to be strange so as to prompt the participants to level and sharpen the details in their memories.

What were the results of Bartlett’s study?

In Bartlett’s study, he found that both experiments fell under the influence of schema. In repeated reproduction, when people removed or changed the interesting parts of the tale, they were doing so to make it fit into an existing schema they were familiar with.

What research method did Loftus and Palmer use?

Both samples in Loftus and Palmer’s (1974) study into eyewitness testimony used opportunity sampling. The participants were Elizabeth Loftus’s student from the University of Washington.

What was Bartlett’s experiment?

In the experiment, Bartlett assigned his Edwardian English participants to read the Native American Folklore titled “War of the Ghosts”. Bartlett found that at longer intervals between reading the story and remembering it, participants were less accurate and forgot much of the information from the story.

What is Bartletts theory?

Bartlett’s Schema Theory In order to account for these findings, Bartlett proposed that people have schemata, or unconscious mental structures, that represent an individual’s generic knowledge about the world. It is through schemata that old knowledge influences new information.

What research methods did Bartlett use?

-Method of experiment Bartlett used the techniques called serial reproduction, which is a technique where participants are required to reproduce or recall an image shown. Or a story told after varying periods of either days, weeks, months and years.

Is the Peterson and Peterson study reductionist?

It could be argued that Peterson and Peterson’s research is a rather reductionist approach towards the study of memory. This means that in an attempt to isolated and study particular casual factors such as verbal rehearsal in STM, some wider picture may have been lost.

What did Bartlett 1932 examine in his research?

In his major work, Remembering: A Study in Experimental and Social Psychology (1932), Bartlett advanced the concept that memories of past events and experiences are actually mental reconstructions that are coloured by cultural attitudes and personal habits, rather than being direct recollections of observations made at …

What research did Sir Frederick Bartlett conduct in order to conclude the memory is a reconstructive process?

The “War of the Ghosts” experiment from Remembering (1932) was Bartlett’s most famous study and demonstrated the reconstructive nature of memory, and how it can be influenced by the subject’s own schema.