What were the causes and effects of the age of exploration?
What were the causes and effects of the age of exploration?
*Cause: Spanish explorers came to America looking for gold and silver. Effect: Conquistadors attacked Native American cultures and claimed lands for their country. *Cause: European explorers brought many diseases with them. Effect: Missions were built to convert Native Americans.
How did European exploration affect societies in Africa?
The growing slave trade with Europeans had a profound impact on the people of West Africa, giving prominence to local chieftains and merchants who traded slaves for European textiles, alcohol, guns, tobacco, and food. Africans also charged Europeans for the right to trade in slaves and imposed taxes on slave purchases.
What happened in the age of exploration?
The Age of Exploration was rooted in new technologies and ideas growing out of the Renaissance, these included advances in cartography, navigation, and shipbuilding. The most important development was the invention of first the Carrack and then caravel in Iberia.
What was Portugal’s goals in exploration?
The Portuguese goal of finding a sea route to Asia was finally achieved in a ground-breaking voyage commanded by Vasco da Gama, who reached Calicut in western India in 1498, becoming the first European to reach India.
Why did Spain want to conquer the Aztecs?
Why might Cortes have wanted to conquer the Aztec? Cortes might have wanted to conquer the Aztec because he wanted gold, silver, to convert them to Christianity, glory, and greed. The advantages that the Spanish had over the Aztec were 16 horses, guns, armor, formed alliances, and diseases, steel.
Who was mostly responsible for Portugal’s exploration?
Portugal’s Prince Henry the Navigator spearheaded his country’s exploration of Africa and the Atlantic in the 1400s.
Why did the European Age of Exploration matter?
Answer Expert Verified The exploration trips helped Europe to discover new lands and expand its markets to accumulate more wealth. In addition, it avoided the isolation of people like the Indians of America and some Eastern cultures. The trips helped to find new routes and increase trade in all kinds of goods.
What was Spain searching for in the new world?
The Spanish conquistadors invaded areas of Central and South America looking for riches, ultimately destroying the powerful Aztec and Inca cultures.
How did European arrival in the New World impact society and culture?
The Europeans brought technologies, ideas, plants, and animals that were new to America and would transform peoples’ lives: guns, iron tools, and weapons; Christianity and Roman law; sugarcane and wheat; horses and cattle. They also carried diseases against which the Indian peoples had no defenses.
Why were the earliest voyages of exploration begun by Portugal?
Outbreaks of bubonic plague led to severe depopulation in the second half of the 14th century: only the sea offered alternatives, with most population settling in fishing and trading coastal areas. Between 1325 and 1357 Afonso IV of Portugal encouraged maritime commerce and ordered the first explorations.
What were the positive and negative effects of the Columbian Exchange on the world’s population?
A positive effect of the Columbian exchange was the introduction of New World crops, such as potatoes and corn, to the Old World. A significant negative effect was the enslavement of African populations and the exchange of diseases between the Old and New Worlds.
What were the effects of the age of exploration?
Impact of the Age of Exploration Explorers learned more about areas such as Africa and the Americas and brought that knowledge back to Europe. Massive wealth accrued to European colonizers due to trade in goods, spices, and precious metals.
What was the main cause of the age of exploration?
There are three main reasons for European Exploration. Them being for the sake of their economy, religion and glory. They wanted to improve their economy for instance by acquiring more spices, gold, and better and faster trading routes. Also, they really believed in the need to spread their religion, Christianity.
What were some major effects of European exploration?
European explorations led to the Columbian Exchange and an increase in international trade. European nations competed for colonies. The European economy underwent major changes. Today, as in the days of mercantilism, some groups want to restrict global trade to protect certain jobs and industries from competition.
What happened before the age of exploration?
European countries were interested in speeding up trade by finding a quicker sea route. A second reason for the beginning of the Age of Exploration was the rise of absolute monarchies in Europe. For example, ship building had drastically improved in the years immediately before the Age of Exploration began.
What were the major effects of European exploration?
Colonization ruptured many ecosystems, bringing in new organisms while eliminating others. The Europeans brought many diseases with them that decimated Native American populations. Colonists and Native Americans alike looked to new plants as possible medicinal resources.
Which countries were involved in the age of exploration?
Portugal and Spain became the early leaders in the Age of Exploration. Through the Treaty of Tordesillas the two countries agreed to divide up the New World. Spain got most of the Americas while Portugal got Brazil, India, and Asia. Spain sent over conquistadors to explore the Americas and to conquer the peoples there.
What were the conditions in Europe that led to the conquest of America?
The major condition in Europe that led to the original conquest of the Americas was peace. This applies mainly to Spain which, of course, was the country that was first involved in conquering the New World. Spain came to be able to explore because of the coming of peace.
Which voyage of exploration was the most important?
the voyage of Amerigo Vespucci
What did they bring back to the Old World?
Christopher Columbus introduced horses, sugar plants, and disease to the New World, while facilitating the introduction of New World commodities like sugar, tobacco, chocolate, and potatoes to the Old World. The process by which commodities, people, and diseases crossed the Atlantic is known as the Columbian Exchange.
Which major European powers would win the race to colonize America?
The first European countries to begin colonizing the Americas were Spain and Portugal. Spain claimed and settled Mexico, most of Central and South America, several islands in the Caribbean, and what are now Florida, California, and the Southwest region of the United States. Portugal gained control of Brazil.
What was going on in Europe in 1492?
These three major events of 1492, the fall of Granada, the expulsion of the Jews, and Columbus’s expedition, were not unrelated. The war against the Muslims was very costly, and there wasn’t enough money in the treasury to finance both the war and the voyage across the Atlantic.
Why did Portugal take the lead among European nations in promoting overseas expansion?
Why did Portugal take the lead among European nations in promoting overseas expansion? The Portuguese were finding that their sea routes were worth the trouble. The Treaty of Tordesillas granted half the world to Portugal. They kept their knowledge and refused to share it with their competitors.